Question for written answer E-009639/2014
to the Commission
Jonathan Arnott (EFDD)
Subject: European Circular Economy Package
Can the Commission please provide an update on the European Circular Economy Package?
I understand that the Commission’s own estimates are that this package could create 180 000 jobs by 2030. Can the Commission please provide the independent economic basis for such figures, and confirm whether it has also evaluated the potential job losses as a result of the cost of compliance?
Answer given by Mr Vella
on behalf of the Commission
The Impact Assessment1 accompanying the proposal to revise recycling and other waste-related targets in the EU Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC2, the Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC3 and the Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive 94/62/EC4 estimated that the implementation of the proposal would create more than 180.000 direct jobs by 2030. The Commission Work Programme 20155 proposed to withdraw this proposal and replace it by a more ambitous proposal in 2015 to promote circular economy.
The estimates in the Impact Assessment come from the Waste Model which examines employment in waste management, which was developed by the independent consultants Eunomia in cooperation with the Copenhagen Resource Institute. The model was developed on the basis of a review of literature and evidence and through consultation with Member States and experts.
As well as this legislative proposal related to waste, the wider Circular Economy Package analysed the potential job impacts of stepping up efforts to increase resource efficiency in Europe. Additional measures to improve resource productivity by 30% by 2030 could boost GDP by nearly 1%, while creating 2 million additional jobs (in net terms, so accounting for any job losses)6. These results are based on modelling by independent consultants Cambridge Econometrics as reported in “Study on modelling of the economic and environmental impacts of raw material consumption”.
2 OJ L 312, 22.11.2008, p. 3–30
3 OJ L 182, 16.7.1999, p. 1–19
4 OJ L 365, 31.12.1994
5 COM(2014) 910