Question for written answer E-000252/2015
to the Commission
Jonathan Arnott (EFDD)
Subject: Ebola aid first response
For each of the Ebola-affected countries, could the Commission please state on which date the first responders funded by the EU arrived at the scene of the outbreak?
Answer given by Mr Stylianides
on behalf of the Commission
On 22 March 2014 an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) was declared in the forest region of Guinea. Within a few weeks, cases were detected in Conakry and in neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Immediately after the declaration of the first case, on 27 March 2014 the European Commission mobilised funding to support partners that were already present in the three most affected countries (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone) and therefore able to be immediately operational. Contracts were signed with Médecins sans Frontières, the World Health Organisation and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies for a total amount of EUR 3.9 million. Emergency actions were targeted in the three countries, mainly aiming at treating the first cases of patients infected by the virus and for containing the spread of the epidemic.
After these first emergency interventions, the EU has progressively scaled up its humanitarian response to Ebola, and – as of 26 January 2015 – more than EUR 64 million has been allocated by the Commission. Concerning development assistance, the preparedness activities in neighbouring countries and research activities, the EU has pledged globally more than EUR 413 million for Ebola, whilst EUR 807 million has been allocated by the EU Member States. Moreover, numerous Member States are also supporting the fight against Ebola through in-kind assistance and the Commission has managed non-financial tools providing transport and coordination for aid through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, deploying experts and mobile laboratories.